Research and Readings

Association for Positive Behavior Support – Research and References by Topic

Blueprint for School-wide Positive Behavior Support

This article describes important elements of school-wide positive behavior support and has a case study example of how a student in special education directly participated in Tier 1 activities.

Center on Social and Emotional Foundations for Early Learning: What Works
Twenty-two evidence-based briefs, written by respected early childhood researchers, describe practical strategies, references to more information about the practice, and include a 1-page handout that highlights the major points. Topics include: helping children understand routines and schedules, helping children transition between activities, using classroom activities and routines as opportunities to support peer interaction, using environmental strategies to promote positive social interaction, helping children learn to manage their own behavior, role of time-out, use of choice, logical consequences, expressing warmth and affection toward children, and acknowledging children’s positive behaviors

Committee on Educational Interventions for Children with Autism: Problem Behaviors
Catherine Lord and James P. McGee (Editors) (2001)
Chapter on problem behavior in young children with autism spectrum disorders, with review of preventive interventions, including positive behavior interventions and supports (PBIS)

Downloadable version of Executive Summary:

Effective Behavior Support: A Systems Approach to Proactive Schoolwide Management
Lewis, T. J., & Sugai, G. (1999). Effective behavior support: A systems approach to proactive school-wide management. Focus on Exceptional Children, 31(6), 1-24.

Full Text Article:

The article describes features of a systems approach to school-wide behavior change.

Florida’s School-wide Positive Behavior Support Project Newsletter
These newsletter articles focus on the implementation of posiive school-wide discipline and cover a wide variety of topics

Florida’s Positive Behavior Support Project: Resources
This site contains a variety of articles supporting school-wide positive behavior support. Many of the articles are available for download and there are other useful related references, including annual evaluation reports from Florida’s PBS Project.

Implementing Positive Behavior Support Systems In Early Childhood and Elementary Settings
Stormont, M., Lewis, T.J., Beckner, R., & Johnson, N. W. (2008). Implementing Positive Behavior Support Systems In Early Childhood and Elementary Settings. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

Publisher Site:

This useful resource for practitioners provides instructions, samples and examples of implementing program-wide positive behavior support.

Is School-wide Positive Behavior Support an Evidence-based Practice?
This document provides information about the research supporting school-wide positive behavior support.

Kansas Institute for Positive Behavior Support: Online Library
The KIPBS on-line library provides resources for families, teacher, trainers, and facilitators interested or involved in positive behavior support across systems.

Michigan’s Positive Behavior Support Network: Articles and Resources
This link provides access to many full-text articles, news stories and link resources concerning positive behaviors support and current discipline systems in schools.

Minnesota’s PACER Center: Publications and Handouts
Articles and handouts related to school-wide positive behavior support provided by PACER, a parent resource center.

National Association of School Psychologists: Defusing Violent Behavior in Young Children
Diane Smallwood. (2003)

One of several articles available for download from the National Association of School Psychologists. The author presents a prevention and problem solving approach to dealing with violent behavior in students in early childhood and early elementary programs.

New Hampshire Center for Effective Behavioral Interventions and Supports: Research and Literature

Operation Positive Change: PBS in an Urban Context

This article describes Operation Positive Change—a training curriculum and train-the-trainer model developed by Pyramid Parent Training Community Parent Resource Center that brings PBS best practices identified by leading PBS researchers to parents in New Orleans, Louisiana.

PBIS.ORG Newsletter
These newsletter articles focus on the implementation of positive school-wide discipline and cover a wide variety of topics

Positive Behavior Support for the Classroom
Newcomer, Lori (2008)
Guide for developing a classroom positive behavior support plan

Program-wide Model of Positive Behavior Support in Early Childhood Settings
This article describes successful implementation of program-wide positive behavioral supports in an early childhood program in southeast Kansas. SEK-CAP Head Start is a national model of the pyramid approach to promoting social-emotional development of young children.

Public Schools
Handler, M.W., Rey, J., Connell, J., Their, K., Feinberg, A. Putnam, R. (2007) Practical considerations in providing school-wide positive behavior support. Psychology in the schools. 44(1), 29-39.

Available online:

School-wide Discipline Plan Without the Loopholes
Fay, Jim (2005)
Love & Logic Press Inc. with Gazelle books.
This book is about students who make educators fantasize about self-destructive acts such as pulling out clumps of their hair and early retirement. Helps teachers to create conditions for academic and social learning.

School-wide Positive Behavior Support: Building the Foundation of MBI
Tim Lewis (2006)
Overview of what PBS is and is not and includes examples of material to use, data to review and universal strategies

School-wide Positive Behavior Support: Investing in Student Success
Horner, R.; Sugai G., & Vincent, C. (2005)
Report on the fidelity and impact of implementation through an evaluation of the technical assistance provided through OSEP.

Full text available:

A pdf version of the full article with graphics is available at:

School-wide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports Publications
Articles related to PBS are provided through PACER, and parent resource center.

University of Kansas - Beach Center on Disability: Research Library
The Beach Center on Disability has provided a rich resource library for both families and practitioners.

Helpful Journals

Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
JABA is a psychology journal that publishes research about applications of the experimental analysis of behavior to problems of social importance.

Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions
JPBI is a professional journal that published research and findings surrounding the implementation of positive behavior support within and across a variety of contexts.

This template was adapted and is based upon a template developed via copyright © 2008
Kansas State Department of Education. All Rights Reserved.
Logo Design By Logo Design Guru.  |  Website Design By Webby Guru.
The content and organization was initiated by support provided by the Kansas Department of Education. Current maintenance and continued work is supported by the consortium of districts and by PBS Kansas. Copyright, 2009 University of Kansas. Request for edits or changes in content to these pages should be made only after contacting the authors.
508 logo